The British Museum

the-british-museum

The British museum building is fabulous as the exhibits found in the world’s most visited museum.   It opened its doors In 1753 and has been welcoming guests ever since. It was the first National public museum that allowed free admission all to enjoy the  wonderful  artifacts found inside.

glass-roof-in-british-museumThe museum was designed by Sir Norman Foster and its stone buildings encompass a two-acre space that was previously by the British Library.  What remains of the British library is a stunning around reading room that contains 3 miles of bookcases and 25 miles of shelves holding over 30,000 books. and unbelievable glass roof that covers the entire court, make it the largest covered public space in Europe.
There are numerous sculptures and exhibits around the courtyard that will entice you to continue further.  The layout of the museum allows you to choose where you want to start the visit unlike other museums or other where people follow one route the.
The oldest part of the museum is the restored former King’s library now called the Enlightenment gallery.   The exhibition focuses on the discovery and learning and best of Enlightenment luminary collectors during the 18 to 19th centuries.

The room has classical sculptures and many of the items items were collected by great people of the day.  Many of the items were collected by the great names of the day, Captain James Cook,  Charles Darwin and Howard Carter and also donated by King George the 3rd.

One of the scientific instruments is mechanical model of the solar system that shows how the Earth and planets revolve around the sun.

The museum holds many temporary exhibitions during the year and some exhibits exhibits show the intricacy of wedding costumes and jewelry.

The living and dying gallery  there is this giant statue known as the jua rock in Any.   First displayed on the ceremonial platform around 1000 AD and was later move to a ritual house. It was collected in 1868 and given as a gift to Queen Victoria who donated the get the artifact to the museum.

A life-size carving of a human skull made from a single block of rock crystal was acquired by the museum in 1867.   Research shows that the sculpture was most likely created in the 19th century.

The Native American gallery has a rich history of the American Indians  and is shown through headdress skins, and totems.

The Egypt and Middle Eastern section is the most popular gallery by  far with one of the most important archaeological finds ever,  the Rosetta Stone. This ancient Proclamation was written in hieroglyphics, Egyptian script and Greek Egyptian hieroglyphs.  The hieroglyphs would still not be able to be read if not for this important find.

One standout piece is the bronze cat representing the goddess Bastet.  An amazing piece dating from the Roman egypt mummyperiod around the year 30 BC. Another piece is the king list which shows is a chronological list showing all the Pharaohs of ancient Egypt.   Before the era of mummification bodies were dried out in the desert, then laid out in coffins. As  mummification became the norm tombs and coffins became much more intricate and elaborate.  Shabtie figures  were placed next to coffins to assist in the afterlife.

The Parthenon  known as the Elgin marbles forms the greatest surviving achievements of classical Arts they are one of the Museum’s most controversial exhibits between 1801 and 1805 Lord Elgin began removing the marbles with the permission of the Greeks and transporting them to London. The Greeks now want them back.

The Romans invaded Britain in 43 BC.  Many pieces of gold and jewelry were dug up including gladiator helmets and stunning Portland bars made of Cameo glass. The Cameo glass is the most famous survivor that is extremely difficult to make.

time-piecesClockwork and time showcase some of the best clocks and  watches.  The most magnificent carillion  clock of Isaac made in 1589.  Watches made in the 16th century were housed in gilded and  enamel cases. One striking timepiece was made in Augsburg Germany in 1585. The striking of the hours and quarters were performed by sailors standing in the to the two crow’s nests of the mainmast  The ship  was mounted on the wheeled carriage so it could move along a dinner table propelled by clockwork and caused the cannon to fire.  The ship pitched up and down as if at sea.  The Holy roman empire moved his head and arms.

wind-up-clock-1wind-up-clock-3

 

 

 

 

Described as just a few of the fantastic pieces and artefacts you can find at the London British Museum.  Visiting this museum should be on anyone’s to do list.